Asta/moudya or Combustion means that the planet is in closest proximity to Sun. It is passing in the orbit closer to sun. Sun is the atma or only source of light around which all the planets revolve. Surya is Tejasvi and emits strong tejas/fire which burns everything which comes into his proximity.
Every planet has Rashmi/Rays. Whenever a planet passes into close orbit of Sun its Rashmi/Rays get subdued in front of powerful sun rays or Tejas of sun. The rays of other planets get minimized or lost in the blazing sun, they become blind. This loss of Rays causes them to loose power to give their results or makes them give erratic results because they become blind.
Moon never becomes Asta or Combust but moon as it moves closer to sun diminishes in size, shrinks in size with each passing tithi and finally Moon is totally invisible on Amavasya when it is closest to sun’s orbit.
Other planets become combust as they come into close proximity or orbit of Sun. Planets become asta or combust within range of different degrees. Fast moving planets like Venus, Mercury become combust within range of 15 degrees to Sun. Mars gets combust within 10 degrees. Slow moving planets like Saturn and Jupiter become combust within 8-10 degrees.
Rahu and Ketu do not become Combust as they are just intersection points, Ketu causes Grahana to Sun which is known as Surya grahana, As per some Scholars Saturn’s closeness to sun is bad for Sun.
Profound effects of Asta graha or combust planets can be felt when they are within 3.20 degree orbit which is the span of one navamsha, When planets are within 3.20 degree orbit to sun they will give maximum effect of combustion. For fast moving planets we can extend combustion range to 6.40 degrees which is two navamsha.
The effects of asta combust planets will be loss of their karakatwa or giving erratic results of their karakatwa, the results are divided into two parts.
Planets give result according to their karakatwa and ownership of houses in the horoscope. The karakatwa of 5 planets is as follows :-
When Mercury is combust in birth horoscope one will find such people having frequent memory loss, they are very intelligent, smart, witty but combustion of mercury makes one have memory loss in old age or they are not able to process information. They are proud of their intelligence, Sun gives pride and ego of intelligence and they can damage themselves in ahamkara. In transit Combust mercury will cause volatile markets, ups and downs in trade and commerce, rise in price of commodities etc.
When Venus is combust in birth horoscope, people behave erratically in relationships, they have weird taste with respect to fashion, clothing, relationships. There is a lot of Pride and Ego in relationships due to which they are often found falling in and out of relationships. Changing relationships due to erratic lifestyles is a common feature of such combination. Film celebrities often have such combinations and you can see the erratic pattern in their relationships. Such people will always look for partners who enhance their status, they will marry only for money or have relationship only to increase their prestige, they may not be loyal to their partners. In transit combust venus will influence the demand and supply in luxury market, travel tourism industry, hotel industry, liquor industry, there will be a tendency to indulge in erratic behavior and breaking the taboos. Marriages, purchase of luxuries properties, vehicles should be avoided when venus is combust in transit, classics say that marriage during such times results in to separation or unhappiness over a period of time.
When Mars is combust in birth horoscope, there is a strong sense of power in such people, they are power hungry and will never leave any opportunity to show or exercise their power, They are very proud of their power and positions. There is no responsible use of power and position whatsoever, they will act without thinking and their ahamkara can become the reason for their own destruction. In transit when Mars is combust there wars/fights due to emotional hurt or hurt of sentiments, there are unnecessary fights resulting in show of power, there can be exercising of power by powerful people on the weak, a person may start reacting blindly in rage without thinking, loss of energy in criticizing, there can be fire hazards, blast, earth quakes at times due to excess energy activities. Prices of land/building/minerals blow up erratically.
When Jupiter is combust in birth horoscope, a person has too much ego about his abilities and he usually overestimates himself, he is proud of his knowledge and does not listen to anyone else. He thinks himself as the greatest and knowledgeable person. Such jataka has a tendency to show off and hype everything about him. Such a person may be virtuous but looses all his virtues due to ahankara. In transit combust jupiter affects price of gold, finance&Banking sector, Financial policies, ability of judgement, It leads to loss of punya and good deeds do not give results, religious ceremonies, vidya arambha and marriages should not be performed without guru bala.
When Saturn is combust in birth horoscope, a person will not get paternal happiness and be punished by government. Saturn’s combustion leads to affliction of Sun also. Sun being the karaka of father and position, such people struggle hard to attain a position in life, they will have to go through all the hardships in life, there can be loss of father, punishment from government (dandadhikara) depending on other combinations in horoscope. They do not get happiness from their servants, labor class as they will constantly be under stress and trouble due to them. In transit Combustion of Saturn leads to increase of prices of under ground products like oil, lead, zinc, the labor class, menial class is troubled or mass movements/strikes take place during such periods. Sometimes it brings depression and situations of loss of honor.
In this way Asta planets or combust planets loose the ability to give results in a oriented manner and start behaving erratically or loose some of their karakatwa due to loss of their Rays/Rashmi bala in proximity of sun. The closeness to sun also renders heightened estimation of qualities of planets that leads to ahamkara and loss later. You will always notice erratic patterns of behavior in karakatwa of planets which are combust. Thus we come to the end of the article effects of asta combust planets and I hope that you enjoyed reading it and learned something new about asta/moudya/combustion of planets.